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A CSS-in-JS theming solution for React(-like) views.

emotion-theming is a theming library inspired by styled-components

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# add --save if using npm@4 or lower
npm i emotion-theming

# or
yarn add emotion-theming


Theming is accomplished by placing the ThemeProvider component, at the top of the React component tree and wrapping descendants with the withTheme higher-order component (HOC). This HOC seamlessly acquires the current theme and injects it as a “prop” into your own component.

The theme prop is automatically injected into components created with react-emotion’s styled.

Here is a complete example for a typical React + Emotion app (information about each piece of the theming API is listed afterward):

/** child.js */
import React from 'react';
import styled from 'react-emotion';

const Container = styled.div`
  background: whitesmoke;
  height: 100vh;

const Headline = styled.h1`
  color: ${props => props.theme.color};
  font: 20px/1.5 sans-serif;

export default Page extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
          I'm red!

/** parent.js */
import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ThemeProvider } from 'emotion-theming';

import Page from './child.js';

const theme = {
  color: 'red',

class App extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
        <Page />

// this assumes the HTML page template has a <main> element already inside <body>
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.querySelector('main'));

<ThemeProvider> acts as a conductor in the component hierarchy and themed components receive the theme for whatever purposes are necessary, be it styling or perhaps toggling a piece of functionality.


ThemeProvider: ReactComponent

A React component that passes the theme object down the component tree via context. Additional <ThemeProvider> wrappers may be added deeper in the hierarchy to override the original theme. The theme object will be merged into its ancestor as if by Object.assign. If a function is passed instead of an object it will be called with the ancestor theme and the result will be the new theme.


  • children: ReactComponent - A single React component.
  • theme: Object|Function - An object or function that provides an object.
import React from 'react'
import styled from 'react-emotion'
import { ThemeProvider, withTheme } from 'emotion-theming'

// object-style theme

const theme = {
  backgroundColor: 'green',
  color: 'red'

// function-style theme; note that if multiple <ThemeProvider> are used,
// the parent theme will be passed as a function argument

const adjustedTheme = ancestorTheme => ({ ...ancestorTheme, color: 'blue' })

class Container extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
        <ThemeProvider theme={adjustedTheme}>
          <Text>Boom shaka laka!</Text>

const Text = styled.div`
  background-color: ${props => props.theme.backgroundColor}; // will be green
  color: ${props => props.theme.color}; // will be blue

withTheme(component: ReactComponent): Function

A higher-order component that provides the current theme as a prop to the wrapped child and listens for changes. If the theme is updated, the child component will be re-rendered accordingly.

import PropTypes from 'prop-types'
import React from 'react'
import { withTheme } from 'emotion-theming'

class TellMeTheColor extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <div>The color is {this.props.theme.color}.</div>

TellMeTheColor.propTypes = {
  theme: PropTypes.shape({
    color: PropTypes.string

const TellMeTheColorWithTheme = withTheme(TellMeTheColor)

channel: String

The emotion-theming package uses this string as the React context key by default.

If you wish to build your own components on top of this library, it is recommended to import the context key from this package instead of hardcoding its value.

import { channel } from 'emotion-theming'


createBroadcast: Function

Creates a broadcast that is used to listen to theme events via context. This is probably only useful for testing. If you have styled components that depend on theme via ThemeProvider, one option is to wrap all your components being tested in ThemeProvider. However if you’re using enzyme, you’ll lose the ability to call some methods that require it to be run on the root instance. Instead you can mount a component a pass the channel and broadcast as part of context.

import { channel, createBroadcast } from 'emotion-theming'
import { mount } from 'enzyme'
import PropTypes from 'prop-types'
import React from 'react'

describe('emotion-theming', function() {
  it('can use theme from a ThemeProvider', function() {
    const myTheme = { color: 'green' }
    const broadcast = createBroadcast(myTheme)
    const wrapper = mount(<MyComponent />, {
      context: {
        [channel]: broadcast
      childContextTypes: {
        [channel]: PropTypes.object

    wrapper.setState({ foo: 'bar' })


Thanks goes to the styled-components team and their contributors who originally wrote this.


MIT 2017-present

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