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IntroductionInstallCSSStyled ComponentsCompositionObject StylesNested SelectorsMedia QueriesGlobal Styles

Packages

emotionreact-emotionbabel-plugin-emotioneslint-plugin-emotionemotion-serveremotion-themingjest-emotion@emotion/primitivescreate-emotioncreate-emotion-styledcreate-emotion-serverpreact-emotion

babel-plugin-emotion

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Babel plugin for the minification and optimization of emotion styles.

babel-plugin-emotion is highly recommended, but not required in version 8 and above of emotion.

Features

Feature/Syntax Native Babel Plugin Required Notes
css``
css(...) Generally used for object styles.
styled('div')`` syntax Both string and object styles work without this plugin.
styled.div`` syntax Supporting the shortcut syntax without the Babel plugin requires a large list of valid elements to be included in the bundle.
components as selectors Allows an emotion component to be used as a CSS selector.
Minification Any leading/trailing space between properties in your css and styled blocks is removed. This can reduce the size of your final bundle.
Dead Code Elimination Uglifyjs will use the injected /*#__PURE__*/ flag comments to mark your css and styled blocks as candidates for dead code elimination.
Static Extraction (deprecated) Generated CSS that is eligible for extraction can be moved to an external css file.
Source Maps When enabled, navigate directly to the style declaration in your javascript file.
css as Prop Convenient helper for calling css and appending the generated className during compile time.
Contextual Class Names Generated class names include the name of the variable or component they were defined in.

Example

In

const myStyles = css`
  font-size: 20px;
  @media (min-width: 420px) {
    color: blue;
    ${css`
      width: 96px;
      height: 96px;
    `};
    line-height: 26px;
  }
  background: green;
  ${{ backgroundColor: 'hotpink' }};
`

Out

const myStyles = /* #__PURE__ */ css(
  'font-size:20px;@media(min-width:420px){color:blue;',
  /* #__PURE__ */ css('width:96px;height:96px;'),
  ';line-height:26px;}background:green;',
  { backgroundColor: 'hotpink' },
  ';'
)

Installation

yarn add --dev babel-plugin-emotion

or if you prefer npm

npm install --save-dev babel-plugin-emotion

Usage

.babelrc

Without options:

{
  "plugins": ["emotion"]
}

With options:

Defaults Shown

{
  "plugins": [
    [
      "emotion",
      {
        "hoist": false,
        "sourceMap": false,
        "autoLabel": false,
        "labelFormat": "[local]",
        "extractStatic": false,
        "outputDir": "",
        "importedNames": {
          "styled": "styled",
          "css": "css",
          "keyframes": "keyframes",
          "injectGlobal": "injectGlobal",
          "merge": "merge"
        }
      }
    ]
  ]
}

Recommended Setup

Use Babel’s env property

.babelrc

{
  "env": {
    "production": {
      "plugins": [["emotion", { "hoist": true }]]
    },
    "development": {
      "plugins": [["emotion", { "sourceMap": true, "autoLabel": true }]]
    }
  }
}

Via CLI

babel --plugins babel-plugin-emotion script.js

Via Node API

require('@babel/core').transform('code', {
  plugins: ['babel-plugin-emotion']
})

Options

hoist

boolean, defaults to false.

This option enables the following:

  • Any argument supplied to css or styled is hoisted.

By hoisting the argument, or assigning the value to a variable, emotion is able to leverage the use of a WeakMapcache to increase performance. Users of object styles with css prop will benefit the most from enabling this option.

In

const Sample = () => <div css={{ background: 'brown' }} />

Out

var _css = require('emotion').css
var _ref = { background: 'brown' }

const Sample = () => <div className={_css(_ref)} />

sourceMap

boolean, defaults to false.

This option enables the following:

  • Injected source maps for use in browser dev tools

Documentation

autoLabel

boolean, defaults to false.

This option enables the following:

  • Automatically adds the label property to styles so that class names generated by css or styled include the name of the variable the result is assigned to.
  • Please note that non word characters in the variable will be removed (Eg. iconStyles$1 will become iconStyles1) because $ is not valid CSS ClassName Selector

css

In

const brownStyles = css({ color: 'brown' })

Out

const brownStyles = /*#__PURE__*/ css({ color: 'brown' }, 'label:brownStyles;')

brownStyles’s value would be css-1q8eu9e-brownStyles

labelFormat

string, defaults to "[local]".

This option only works when autoLabel is set to true. It allows you to define the format of the resulting label. The format is defined via string where variable parts are enclosed in square brackets []. For example labelFormat: "my-classname--[local]", where [local] will be replaced with the name of the variable the result is assigned to.

Allowed values:

  • [local] - the name of the variable the result of the css or styled expression is assigned to.
  • [filename] - name of the file (without extension) where css or styled expression is located.

This format only affects the label property of the expression, meaning that css prefix and hash will be prepended automatically.

css

In

// BrownView.js
// autoLabel: true
// labelFormat: [filename]--[local]
const brownStyles = css({ color: 'brown' })

Out

const brownStyles = /*#__PURE__*/ css(
  { color: 'brown' },
  'label:BrownView--brownStyles;'
)

BrownView--brownStyles’s value would be css-1q8eu9e-BrownView--brownStyles

styled

In

const Profile = () => {
  const H1 = styled.h1({
    borderRadius: '50%',
    transition: 'transform 400ms ease-in-out',
    boxSizing: 'border-box',
    display: 'flex',
    ':hover': {
      transform: 'scale(1.2)'
    }
  })
}

Out

const Profile = () => {
  const H1 = /*#__PURE__*/ styled('h1', {
    label: 'H1'
  })({
    borderRadius: '50%',
    transition: 'transform 400ms ease-in-out',
    boxSizing: 'border-box',
    display: 'flex',
    ':hover': {
      transform: 'scale(1.2)'
    }
  })
}

H1’s class name attribute would be css-13djram-H1

extractStatic

boolean, defaults to false.

Note:

extractStatic is deprecated and will be removed in emotion@10. We recommend disabling extractStatic or using other libraries like linaria or css-literal-loader

This option enables the following:

  • Extract static styles into CSS files.

Documentation

outputDir

string, defaults to ''

This option only works when extractStatic is set to true. This option allows babel-plugin-emotion to set a different directory to where the extracted css files are saved to.

importedNames

object, defaults to

{
  "styled": "styled",
  "css": "css",
  "keyframes": "keyframes",
  "injectGlobal": "injectGlobal",
  "merge": "merge"
}

This option enables the following:

  • Configurable import names

Documentation

instances

Array<string>, defaults to

;['emotion', 'react-emotion', 'preact-emotion']

This option allows babel-plugin-emotion to know which imports to treat as emotion imports and transform as such. This option is only required if you use a custom instance of emotion created with create-emotion or you’re importing emotion from somewhere other than the paths above. Relative paths are resolved relative to process.cwd()(the current working directory).

Documentation

primaryInstance

string, defaults to

'emotion'

This option allows babel-plugin-emotion to know where to import emotion from when it needs to import emotion. Currently this is only used for the css prop to import css and merge but it could be used for other purposes in the future so it’s recommend to make sure that this instance exports everything returned from createEmotion, an up-to-date example of this can be found in the emotion package’s source.

Documentation

Babel Macros

Instead of using babel-plugin-emotion, you can use emotion with babel-plugin-macros. Add babel-plugin-macros to your babel config and import whatever you want from emotion but add /macro to the end. Currently every API except for the css prop is supported by the macro.

import styled from 'react-emotion/macro'
import { css, keyframes, injectGlobal, flush, hydrate } from 'emotion/macro'

create-react-app issue discussing macros.

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